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Glossary for Parking Management
This Glossary provides definitions for terms that have a specialized meaning in the TimeTec Cloud websites. The Glossary for Parking Management is to facilitate the basic understanding of TimeTec Parking Management products and services. We have linked words in the Glossary to Wikipedia or other encyclopedia websites to maintain its authenticity, unless the words couldn't be found in the mentioned websites. If a link is no longer valid, kindly inform us by clicking on "Report".
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Access Control System       https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Access_control Report
AI, Artificial Intelligence https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence Report
Algorithm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algorithm Report
Amazon EC2 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amazon_Elastic_Compute_Cloud Report
Anti-passback Anti-Passback prevents users from 'tailgating' through controlled areas by tracking the entry and exit counts. A user can only exit an area that they have already entered and can only enter an area that they previously exited. If a user tailgates onto a site, the exit keypad will deny exit to them because they are not logged into the area. If a user is onsite and tailgates off of the site, they will be denied exit next time they try to enter. Anti-Passback is a function that should only be used on High Security sites where users can be trained on its use.  
Audit Trail Paper or 'electronic' trail that gives a step by step documented history of a transaction. It enables an examiner to trace the chronological records or data from the source document. The presence of a reliable and easy to follow audit trail is an indicator of good internal controls instituted by a firm or organization and forms the basis of objectivity.  
Big Data https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_data Report
BLE https://www.i-neighbour.com/ble Report
Boom Barrier https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boom_barrier Report


Cloud Computing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing Report
Cloud Surveillance Cloud surveillance is CCTV surveillance service that hosted and provided using Cloud Computing Technology. Report
CMMI https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capability_Maturity_Model_Integration Report
Credit Card At its core, a credit card is an instrument for a bank to pay for an item on your behalf, the amount of which you will owe the bank. In theory, when you pay for something with a credit card, that amount is not what you spent, but what you owe the bank. Each transaction you make with your credit card is tabulated in your credit card bill at the end of the monthly billing cycle. You are then required to pay the bank within a stipulated time frame (usually 20 days). Failure to do so will incur an interest rate of the outstanding amount you owe the bank.  
Data Analytics Data analytics (DA) is the process of examining data sets in order to draw conclusions about the information they contain, increasingly with the aid of specialized systems and software. Data analytics technologies and techniques are widely used in commercial industries to enable organizations to make more-informed business decisions and by scientists and researchers to verify or disprove scientific models, theories and hypotheses.  
Duress https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duress Report
Ecosystem https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecosystem Report
Edge Computing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edge_computing Report
eWallet https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_wallet Report
2-Factor Authentication


GDPR, General Data Protection Regulation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Data_Protection_Regulation Report
Guard Patrol System https://www.timetecpatrol.com/guard_patrol_system Report
GPRS https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Packet_Radio_Service Report
GPS https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Positioning_System Report
IoT https://www.i-neighbour.com/iot Report
IP65 rating https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP65 Report
IP camera https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IP_camera Report
ISO 27001 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO/IEC_27001:2013 Report
LPR, License Plate Recognition (or ANPR) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automatic_number-plate_recognition Report
Multi-Tenant https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multitenancy Report
Nested Parking Nested parking means season parker will not be given allocation to a dedicated car park bay, and normally is an open space parking or roof top parking.  
.Net https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.NET_Framework Report
NFC, Near Field Communication https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near_field_communication Report
Near Field Commerce http://ineighbour.blogspot.com/2018/06/near-field-commerce-another-rising.html
NVR, Network Video Recorder https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_video_recorder Report
OCR https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_character_recognition Report
ONVIF https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ONVIF Report
On Street Parking When vehicles are parked on the street, along with the sidewalk or anywhere on the street is called On-street parking. In some streets, you can always park your vehicle on the street, but sometimes there are restrictions. There are also on-street parking situations where you need a parking permit to park. The development cost of on-street parking is relatively low. On street parking needs some physical changes like painting, installation of signage, parking meters, etc. If terms of the operational arrangement, for on-street parking, inspection by traffic police or private sector is required.  
Off Street Parking The construction cost for Off-street parking is relatively high. Off-street parking needs securing of land, paving, installation of a toll collection system, equipment, and construction of administrative buildings etc. Off street does not require enforcement and the facility can be operated solely by the private sector..  
Parking Lot https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parking_lot Report
Parking Ticket/Summon An official notice put on your vehicle when you have parked illegally that tells you that you must pay a fine.  
Parking Guidance System The Parking Guidance System is a realtime guidance solution allowing drivers within a car park area to easily navigate to an available parking lot.  
Patrol System https://www.timetecpatrol.com/guard_patrol_system Report
PCI-DSS Compliance The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a set of security standards formed in 2004 by Visa, MasterCard, Discover Financial Services, JCB International and American Express. Governed by the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council (PCI SSC), the compliance scheme aims to secure credit and debit card transactions against data theft and fraud.

While the PCI SSC has no legal authority to compel compliance, it is a requirement for any business that processes credit or debit card transactions. PCI certification is also considered the best way to safeguard sensitive data and information, thereby helping businesses build long lasting and trusting relationships with their customers.
Power over Ethernet or PoE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_over_Ethernet Report
PTZ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PTZ_camera Report
QR Code https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QR_code Report
Receipt Printer https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Receipt_Printer Report
RFID card https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio-frequency_identification Report
RoHS, Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Restriction_of_Hazardous_Substances_Directive Report
ROI, Return on Investment   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Return_on_investment Report
RS232 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RS-232 Report
RS485 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EIA-485 Report
Season Parking Season parking allows vehicle owner to park his/her vehicle on regular basis, near his/her home or workplace at a fixed monthly rate.  
SLA, Service-Level Agreement


Software as a Service (SaaS) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_as_a_service Report
Software Development Kit (SDK) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development_kit Report
SSL https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_Socket_Layer Report
System Roles TimeTec is designed to provide restricted access to authorized users as permitted by the company. Different system role has different access to specific module in TimeTec.  
TCP/IP https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tcp/ip Report
TID TID means “tag ID” and it refers to a unique serial number written to a RIFD microchip when the chip is manufactured. It cannot be altered. The tag ID differs from the serial number written to the tag after it is made. Some serial numbers may be programmed to the tag at the time the tag is manufactured, while others are programmed by the user after the chip’s acquisition. The TID and serial number are sometimes used together to confirm a tag’s authenticity. For example, a counterfeiter might buy microchips and program serial numbers to them to match serial numbers used by popular brands. But the brand owner could confirm a tag is fake by looking up whether it ever received tags with the TIDs in the counterfeit tags, even if the serial numbers looked the same as those it uses.
Touch ‘n Go https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touch_'n_Go Report
Touch ‘n Go eWallet https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touch_%27n_Go_eWallet Report
Turnstile https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turnstile Report
UHF https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultra_high_frequency Report
Unattended Payment Terminal/Kiosk An unattended self-service payment terminal is where the customer will activate the transaction. This means that the payment devices need to be securely enclosed and tamper proof for a secure self-service solution.

Unattended payments can be seen in train stations, car parks and vending machines and other temperamental environments due to the fact that they are IP 65 rated, and are therefore suitable for all weather types, and users. They are far more secure, but cost more.
Valet Parking Valet Parking is a parking service offered by some restaurants, stores, and other businesses. In contrast to "self-parking", where customers find a parking space on their own, customers' vehicles are parked for them by a person called a valet. This service either requires a fee to be paid by the customer or is offered free of charge by the establishment.  
Vehicle Counting System The Vehicle Counting System includes counting and displaying available parking bays. The ingresses and egresses of a counted area are equipped with controllers to keep track with the number of vehicles within the area and is reflected on the ‘No. of Available Parking Bays’ displays located at decision points – the entrance, ramps or between partitioned areas. It normally works with Parking Guidance System.  
VSaaS https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VSaaS Report
Web Application https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_application Report
Wiegand https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiegand_interface Report
Last updated: 8/05/2020